Tips to ensure clean drinking water
The number one cause of illness is attributed to drinking contaminated water. Therefore it has become imperative to ensure that your drinking water is clean – especially with the increase in the number of cases of reported cholera and typhoid.
Obviously it’s important to have the basics in place, like washing your hands before you eat, but here are some extra tips to make sure that you have clean drinking water:
- To make sure water is fit for drinking, boil some water and keep it in containers in your fridge. The boiling helps to kill germs that are present in your drinking water.
- Also take care of the containers you use. It doesn’t help that you boil your drinking water, but still store it in a dirty container. It can still lead to infections as it contaminates the water. Rinse out a container with some of your boiled water and make sure you don’t touch the lid or insides of the container.
- Another important thing to keep in mind, is not to use containers that was previously used to store milk or fruit juice. Milk proteins and fruit sugars settle in the containers and can cause bacterial growth in the water stored inside the containers.
- There are various types of water purifiers available on the market nowadays, the most popular ones using UV and RO technology. UV purification method uses short-wavelength ultraviolet radiation to kill micro-organisms present in water, while RO (Reverse Osmosis) makes use of a semi-permeable membrane and pressure to purify water. These purifiers need cleaning and servicing every now and again, so keep that in mind when choosing this option!
- In case of you travelling in a remote area, it can be tricky to know which natural water sources are safe for water consumption. In situations like these always keep in mind that water that is free flowing is safer than water from a stagnant source. Bacteria like bilharzia are known for breeding in still-standing water.
- Still on the outdoors, check the water surface before you drink it – if the water is clear, dirty or has scum present, give it a miss. If this is your only water source, filter the water as much as possible before drinking it. Boiling the water is also a great option.
- Chlorine tablets are also a good back-up when going outdoors. If all else fails for your drinking water on your camping trip, try to take a few containers filled with water from home on your trip.
Clean water is becoming more and more scarce to obtain. Make sure you use the above-mentioned techniques to ensure clean drinking water for you and your family!